1 a member of the Mayan people of south central Guatemala
2 a tart filled with rich unsweetened custard; often contains other ingredients (as cheese or ham or seafood or vegetables)
3 the Mayan language spoken by the Quiche people
- Rhymes: -iːʃ
In French cuisine, a quiche (IPA: [ki:ʃ]) is a baked dish that is made primarily of eggs and milk or cream in a pastry crust. Other ingredients such as cooked chopped meat, vegetables, or cheese are often added to the egg mixture before the quiche is baked.
Quiche Lorraine is perhaps the most common variety. In addition to the eggs and cream, it includes bacon or lardons. Cheese is not an ingredient of the original Lorraine recipe, as Julia Child informed Americans: "The classic quiche Lorraine contains heavy cream, eggs and bacon, no cheese." though most contemporary quiche recipes include Gruyère cheese , making a quiche au gruyère or a quiche vosgienne. The addition of onion to quiche Lorraine makes quiche alsacienne.
The word quiche is derived from the Lorraine Franconian dialect of the German language historically spoken in much of the region, where German Kuchen, "cake", was altered first to "küche". Typical Allemanic changes unrounded the ü and shifted the palatal "ch" to the spirant "sh", resulting in "kische", which in standard French orthography became spelled quiche.
In the United Kingdom, until the 1980s, quiches were almost invariably referred to as "flans". However, this term has now become almost completely obsolete when referring to savoury dishes.
quiche in German: Quiche Lorraine
quiche in Spanish: Quiche
quiche in Finnish: Quiche (leivonnainen)
quiche in French: Quiche
quiche in Hebrew: קיש
quiche in Dutch: Quiche
quiche in Japanese: キッシュ
quiche in Polish: Quiche
quiche in Portuguese: quiche lorraine
quiche in Russian: Киш (пирог)
quiche in Swedish: Quiche lorraine
quiche in Thai: คีช